Group, The A name sometimes given to a group of British poets who, in the late s and s, wanted to take poetry in a new direction by liberating it from the restraints favoured by The Movement. Like most of northern Europe, England saw little of these developments until more than a century later.
Comedies like William Congreve 's The Way of the Worldand John Vanbrugh 's The Relapse and The Provoked Wife were "softer" and more middle-class in ethos, very different from the aristocratic extravaganza twenty years earlier, and aimed at a wider audience.
Many works of earlier periods, even in narrative form, had a covert moral or didactic purpose, such as the Sanskrit Panchatantra or the Metamorphoses of Ovid.
This is a cross-section of nearly all the people of London, and the audience is vast - with four theatres giving regular performances in a small city. The aesthetic of these poets evidences a shared interest in abstract expressionist art as well as in American popular cultural subjects such as jazz and movies.
Beowulf is the conventional title,  and its composition is dated between the 8th   and the early 11th century. Ancient Chinese literature had a heavy emphasis on historiography, with often very detailed court records.
Structuralism An approach to literary criticism which emphasises that a text does not have one fixed meaning, but is open to any number of interpretations, depending on the meanings attributed to words by both the writer and the reader.
Other standard devices of this poetry are the kenninga figurative name for a thing, usually expressed in a compound noun e.
Gorboduc is notable especially as the first verse drama in English to employ blank verseand for the way it developed elements, from the earlier morality plays and Senecan tragedyin the direction which would be followed by later playwrights.
Beowulf stands at its head. The omniscient all-knowing narrator's viewpoint. From there people were able to study literature, improve on ideas, further our knowledge, and academic fields such as the medical field or trades could be started. In ancient Greece, the epics of Homerwho wrote the Iliad and the Odysseyand Hesiodwho wrote Works and Days and Theogonyare some of the earliest, and most influential, of Ancient Greek literature.
In a more specific sense the concept of postmodernism as a subject of study emerged in the s, applying across many disciplines, encouraging inter-disciplinary studies, and being interpreted in many ways. Prose and Literary fiction Prose is a form of language that possesses ordinary syntax and natural speechrather than a regular metre ; in which regard, along with its presentation in sentences rather than lines, it differs from most poetry.
In the Age of Reason philosophical tracts and speculations on history and human nature integrated literature with social and political developments. Aside from his name, little is known of him; he probably lived in the 9th century in Mercia or Northumbria. Plato and Aristotle authored philosophical texts that are the foundation of Western philosophySappho and Pindar were influential lyric poetsand Herodotus and Thucydides were early Greek historians.
They appeared between about and In English Literature Marx was an influence on the political dimension of works by writers of the s such as W. Whoever is judged to have told the best tale will have a free supper at the Tabard on their return.
The movement was superseded by Surrealism from around The term is usually applied to the repetition of consonants, particularly when they are the first letter of the words, but can apply to any stressed consonants. The book is divided into poetry, drama and prose - English drama, according to Evans, seemed to go downhill after Shakespeare and his contemporaries Thomas Kyd, Christopher Marlowe.
John Miltonreligious epic poem Paradise Lost published in This leads to the idea that the 'performative' is how symbolic systems language, art, theatre both represent things from the world, but are also simultaneously making that world.
That these verse techniques changed little during years of literary production suggests the extreme conservatism of Anglo-Saxon culture.
Several poems not by Cynewulf are associated with him because of their subject matter. British representatives included Peter Blake and David Hockney. The court poet is given a new annuity. There are now two theatres to the north of the city and two south of the river.
Influenced philosophically by Existentialism, and in particular by The Myth of Sisyphus by Albert Camusthey expressed a world view in which there was no God, and life was meaningless.
The hammer blows of alliteration are a type of verbal athleticism more likely to draw applause in a hall full of warriors. Besides Shakespeare and Ben Jonson, the major poets of the early 17th century included the Metaphysical poets: Part of the motivation behind the movement was the wish to express a sense of outrage in response to the First World War, and the culture which had brought it about.
Other interface and usability improvements will be introduced in the future. From then until the 12th century, Anglo-Saxon underwent a gradual transition into Middle English. Essay An essay consists of a discussion of a topic from an author's personal point of view, exemplified by works by Michel de Montaigne or by Charles Lamb.
Political power was no longer in English hands, so that the West Saxon literary language had no more influence than any other dialect and Middle English literature was written in the many dialects that corresponded to the region, history, culture, and background of individual writers.
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The greatest of the earlier translators of the Bible into English, William Tyndale, was martyred in for his work. Immediately after him. An Introduction to English Literature History Literature History Henry Augustin Beers was a literature historian and professor at Yale who lived at the turn of the 19th century.
He wrote intensely detailed histories of American and English literature, covering the periods up until what were his modern times. We have collected those works below. Considered the most important work of literary history and criticism ever published, the Cambridge History contains over chapters and 11, pages, with essay topics ranging from poetry, fiction, drama and essays to history, theology and political writing.
Old English literature, or Anglo-Saxon literature, encompasses the surviving literature written in Old English in Anglo-Saxon England, in the period after the settlement of the Saxons and other Germanic tribes in England (Jutes and the Angles) c.after the withdrawal of the Romans, and "ending soon after the Norman Conquest" in These works include genres such as epic poetry.
Sign In. Sign in to ClassZone to get access to online books, Activity Maker, special interactive features, and more! This name resounds in English theatrical history for two good reasons.
It is where Richard, one of the Burbage brothers, develops into one of the first great actors of the English stage. And it is where many of Shakespeare 's plays are first presented.History of english literature